The Constitution

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The Constitution

Post by Ashla on Mon Dec 26, 2016 1:31 pm

Article I
Section 1 All law-making is to be invested in the Legislative Branch, Headed by a Law Council.

Section 2 The Law Council is to be composed of members chosen by the justices of a Supreme Court, With a head monarch able to veto a choice, but this veto can be overridden by the Supreme Court with a 2/3rds vote. A member of the Law Council will remain in position unless impeached until the next solstice, when the election is held.

No person will be a member of the Law Council whom has not completed two fortnights as a member of a lower legislative council. A member of the Law Council is to be known as a Senator, and will be addressed by that title in formal occasions.

The Law Council must contain no more than 2/3 of a political group, as classified by the NationStates political compass. The Law Council will have no more than 15 members at a time, thus, no more than 10 members will be of one party at a time.

When a case of over two thirds of one political group in in control, the minority will get one additional vote, to even out the Council.

When a senator's position is absented in their term, the minority will chose a replacement from five candidates, supplied by the supreme court. If multiple senators vacate their position at a time, the Head Royalty will choose and place all but one replacement in the empty seats, the last of which will be filled with the previously mentioned method.

Within the Council of law, the most elderly member of the council, as defined by the total time spent in the council, will be fill the office of the speaker of the house, with other officers chosen by popular vote within the council.

Section 3 Each senator of the council will have a term of 12 months, and each senator will have one vote, unless in an over 2/3rds minority.

Immediately after being elected to the Law Council, the members will be divided into two groups, the summer and winter solstice groups, at which the group of senators elected that time the previous year will resign, and an election will take place. The senators chosen during the previous solstice will continue their term until a year from their election.

in order for someone to become a member of the Council, the candidate cannot have been at any point a enemy of the state.

The Council and only the Council holds the power to file Non-royal impeachment suits

Section 4 The Council will meet weekly, with the days of Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday off duty. The meetings will last from Thursday, at 12:00 AM to the following Saturday, at 11:55 PM.

The Council will hold seasonal inter-governmental meetings, with all branches of the government gathering for a week around each solstice and equinox to correlate and enforce their laws and acts upon the other branches.

Section 5 Each branch will decide the punishments for misdemeanors within their branch, in addition to criminal charges for the activity stated by the criminal courts of each level, along with the power of how to hold internal elections, and position their members.

Each Board, Council, and Court will keep a log of the cases, laws, elections, and actions that have happened within themselves. This will be published every equinox, at the elections

No branch will adjourn their relative meeting for more than a week at a time

Section 6: All members of the Law council, in addition to councils of all governmental levels will get payed with government money, from the state treasury.

No senator of any council will be in either a army position, nor a judicial position at the same time, and any senator given new rank will not remain in the senate, unless they have married into, and have become, as a result of marriage heredity, a royal member of their rank.

Section 7: All bills as related to tax and revenue are within the power of the Council, and only if deemed unconstitutional by the Supreme Court can be ended before it has reached the resident queen or king.

Every Bill passed by the a Council will be checked by the resident queen or king, who will check the bill for constitutionality, and in addition by their judgement, will permanently veto or pass it to the Supreme Court, whom shall make the final check, before passing the bill or vetoing the bill. If a bill is vetoed by the Supreme Court, the queen or king may chose to attempt to pass the bill in the following session, and if approved by a 5/7ths vote, the bill may pass despite the initial veto.

Every Vote, Doctrine, or action must be approved by the resident queen or king before becoming enacted.

Section 8: The Council will have the power to propose taxes, and the means of securing the taxes, create plans on public debts, and only with allowance from a Unanimous decision from the Supreme Court may lay uneven tax laws to be proposed before the Monarch.

The Council may also propose laws and acts:

As related to Loans in the name of the United Countries;

Regulating commerce with foreign nations and native tribes, and between the included countries;

About rules as related to immigration and related processes;

As related so monetary value, minting coins, and standards of weights and measures;

For inter-national paths for government media to travel by, and government media stations;

Promoting  the sciences and the arts by methods of the media, and by reasonable awards for quality work on the sciences and the arts;

In order to establish international law courts inferior to the Supreme Court;

Define and outline punishments for civil, criminal, and war crimes, in addition the crimes against the United Countries, or any of it's members.

To create rules regulating the Military forces of the kingdom, for the purposes of health and safety;

To erect and construct buildings and structures needed for government purposes of any purpose, such as federal courts or military training camps;

And to help with any other government purpose allowed under this document.

Section 9: If agreed by a majority by the Supreme Court, Law Counsel, and the current monarch, and only if this is the case, can a temporary ban on immigrants from a certain region of the world be placed. No bans or laws will be placed to deter or prevent citizens from exiting or leaving the citizenship of this Kingdom. Homeland Security may conduct reasonable searches and screenings of immigrants, but cannot remove their rights, detain immigrants for more than a month, nor probe them in unreasonable ways.

The ability to be applied as an immigrant will always exist except in times of war or rebellion, with the candidate immigrant being from the contested area or region.

No tax or duty will be placed upon a visitor to the nations, nor shall they be detained for the course of their stay.

No preference will be given to certain immigrants over other in cases other than those with symptoms of major disease, or considered likely to attempt to terror-monger or sabotage the citizens or the state.

Certain persons can be supplied to the residing monarch for inclusion into royalty, as seen fit by the monarch.

Section 10: No branch, nor country included can create a treaty, alliance, declare war with, or an foreign nation, without the approval of the residing monarch, nor can a branch or included country declare war with another included country, and if so, the state guard may act without needed permission to quell such a war. The offending party will be put before court at the Supreme Court, to be decided if they are to be dishonourably dispelled from the union of the nations, or continue as a member, or any verdict in-between.

Finally, No branch or included nation may lay taxes on another included nation or tax, or prevent travel of either their, or a targeted nation's people.

Article II: Royalty
Section 1:
All Executive Powers are within the domain of the resident King/Queen, who will hold office for life or unless for reason of resignation. Upon death or resignation, powers will transfer to their eldest child. If two are present, the Union will vote between them. If none exist, the office will be put up to a popular vote, and a new head of state will be chosen by majority.

The hierarchy of royalty will be of the same structure as England's system of royalty.

Each member of the United Country may have their own royalty, but the Union as a whole will have a hierarchy of royalty, distinguished with the ending of the United Countries on their title. The rank of a royal in the Union's system may or may not be of equal rank in their native hierarchy.

No monarch will hail from a nation whom, in known history, has been an enemy of the union, or a terrorizer of it's member states. When a new line of royalty is started, a person must be of twenty years of age to run for the office. In addition, a candidate must be from a nation whom has been a member for a half-year, or since the ratification of this constitution.

In case of the ending of a royal family, the election will be started at the next meeting of the  Law Council, and will be dealt with in immediate haste.

When considered appropriate, a union royal may be rewarded, only if passed by majority vote, may such compensation take place.

Upon entrance into office, a royal must take the oath a royal takes upon coronation.

Section 2:
The Head Royal, and the Head Royal only, can declare war. Details of the war will be decided by the War Council, and the Law Council and the Law Council only may propose war or peace.

In addition, the Head Royal may make treaties under the same method as war, and may not act on their own to do either. If just procedure is ignored, the War Council is obligated to Ignore the royal.

The Royal, in rare cases, may appoint ambassadors, this is mostly the joint responsibility of the War and Law Councils.

The Royal may veto a candidate supreme court justice, but this may be overridden by a 2/3rd vote by the member countries.

Section 3:
The head royal must submit a report of all secret actions, and will continue this down their family line until the end of the following election. At the death of the previous royal, the new royal must publish the actions within that time.

Section 4:
All Members of the royalty may be tried for treason, and when brought to court, will be brought to the Supreme Court and Supreme Court only.

The Supreme Court may decide the punishment for treason, and has the power to enforce it.

The use of cruel punishments for treason, however, is prohibited.

Article III: The Judicial Branch

Section 1:
All judicial powers are under the realm of the Supreme Court, and the lower courts.

Court justices have office for life, and when Supreme Court seats are opened, the head royal will be given a full and immediate choice among at minimum four candidate justices, and must decide amoung them within a month of their reign, and if near the end of their reign, must chose before they leave the office

The lower courts are split into three branches, the civil courts, the criminal courts, and the constitutional courts.
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Each branch of the courts will not interfere with each other's domains

Section 2:
Each court may refer a case to another if a new development becomes apparent.

By a process of appeal, a civil or constitutional case may work it's way up their respective branches, until they have reached the Supreme Court.

The Supreme Court will have no more than five justices

By a process of appeal, a civil or constitutional case may work it's way up their respective branches, until they have reached the Supreme Court.

If a case is decided by the Supreme Court, it cannot be appealed, and it is final.

All crimes will be tried in the district in which the crime was committed in criminal cases, however for all other cases, there is no restriction to where the decision is cast.

Section 3:
No person will be convicted of treason without the testimony of at least two persons, and will be given a week to prepare, and at the end of that week will be put on trial in the Supreme Court.

All persons accused of a crime will be put on trial in chronological order, with exception to treason and other high crimes, which must be immediately put to trial, ahead of other cases

Ashla
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